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Keeping .CA Canadian

The .CA domain is like a Canadian flag on your digital backpack – a unique identifier for Canadian websites. As Canada’s country code top-level domain (ccTLD), .CA is a key public resource for the social and economic development of all Canadians.

How exactly does CIRA ensure that .CA is kept Canadian? 

Canadian Presence Requirements (CPR)

When you register a .CA, you enter into a Registrant Agreement and you will be required to select a CPR category to show your connection to Canada. Here are a few of the commonly-chosen categories:


  • Canadian citizen

  • Permanent resident

  • Legal representative

  • Aboriginal peoples

The contact information provided when you register a domain as an individual is not displayed in the .CA WHOIS; no need to purchase additional WHOIS privacy protection services from your registrar.


  • Corporation

  • Trademark registered in Canada

  • Association

  • Educational institution

  • Hospital

  • Government

This is not a complete list of CPR categories. Learn more in our Canadian Presence Requirements policy.


After you register a .CA, CIRA may request proof of compliance based on your chosen category through a process called Registrant Information Validation (RIV).