Skip to main content

Year ended March 31, 2022

Download CIRA’s fiscal year 2022 financial statements.

Table of contents 


To the Members of Canadian Internet Registration Authority


We have audited the financial statements of Canadian Internet Registration Authority (the Organization), which comprise the statement of financial position as at March 31, 2022, and the statements of operations, changes in net assets, and cash flows for the year then ended, and notes to the financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies.

In our opinion, the accompanying financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Organization as at March 31, 2022 and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with Canadian accounting standards for not-for-profit organizations.

Basis for Opinion

We conducted our audit in accordance with Canadian generally accepted auditing standards. Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Organization in accordance with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the financial statements in Canada, and we have fulfilled our ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

Other Matter

The financial statements of the Organization for the year ended March 31, 2021 were audited by another auditor who expressed an unmodified opinion on those financial statements

Responsibilities of Management and Those Charged with Governance for the Financial Statements

Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of the financial statements in accordance with Canadian accounting standards for not-for-profit organizations, and for such internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

In preparing the financial statements, management is responsible for assessing the Organization's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Organization or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.

Those charged with governance are responsible for overseeing the Organization's financial reporting process.

Auditors’ Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements

Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with Canadian generally accepted auditing standards will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.

As part of an audit in accordance with Canadian generally accepted auditing standards, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:

  • Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
  • Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Organization’s internal control.
  • Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.

  • Conclude on the appropriateness of management’s use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Organization’s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor’s report to the related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor’s report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Organization to cease to continue as a going concern.

  • Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

Welch LLP
Chartered Professional Accountants
Licensed Public Accountants

Ottawa, Ontario
July 20, 2022

Statement of Financial Position


Table 1: A table reporting CIRA's current assets
Current assets: 2022 2021
Cash $ 4,289,428 $ 2,801,750
Accounts receivable (notes 3 and 11) $ 3,504, 745 $ 2,702,440
Prepaid expenses $ 2,486,311 $ 2,540,384
Total of current assets $ 10,280,484 $ 8,044,574
Table 2: A table reporting CIRA's restricted investments
Restricted investments 2022 2021
Restricted investments (note 4) $ 35,825,631 $ 32,685,977
Table 3: A table reporting CIRA's capital assets
Capital assets: 2022 2021
Property and equipment (note 5) $ 1,612,570 $ 2,834,674
Intangible assets (note 6) $ 52,717 $ 89,793
Table 4: A table reporting CIRA's total assets
Total assets 2022 2021
Total assets $ 47,771,402 $ 43,655,018


Liabilities and Net Assets

Table 5: A table reporting CIRA's current liabilities
Current liabilities: 2022 2021
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (notes 7 and 11) $ 4,944,499 $ 4,260,272
Customer deposits $ 404,694 $ 591,006
Current portion of deferred revenue $ 20,282,406 $ 18,843,687
Current portion of lease inducement (note 8) $ 99,225 $ 77,175
Total of current liabilities $ 25,730,824 $ 23,772,140
Table 6: A table listing CIRA's long-term liabilities
Long-term liabilities 2022 2021
Deferred revenue $ 7,350,458 $ 7,294,323
Lease inducement (note 8) $ 231,525 $ 352,800
Total $ 33,312,807 $ 31,419,263
Table 7: A table reporting investing activities
Investing activities: 2022 2021
 Internally restricted (note 9) $ 12,793,308 $ 9,311,288
Invested in capital assets (note 9) $ 1,665,287 $ 2,924,467
Total $ 14,458,595 $ 12,235,755


Table 8: A table reporting the total of CIRA's liabilites and net assets
Total sum of liabilities and net assets 2022 2021
Total liabilities and net assets $ 47,771,402 $ 43,655,018

Approved by the Board:

Crystal Nett, 
Chair, CIRA Audit Committee

Jill Kowalchuk,
Chair, CIRA Board of Directors



Table 9: A table reporting CIRA's revenue
Revenue: 2022 2021
Registration (note 11) $ 29,735,526 $ 27,373,189
DNS, registry and other service revenue $ 5,497,806 $ 3,444,409
Certification and application $ 193,759 $ 153,341
Total revenue $ 35,427,091 $ 30,970,939
Table 10: A table reporting CIRA's expenses
Expenses: 2022 2021
Salaries and benefits $ 15,421,729 $ 15,584,931
Computer operations and networking $ 6,159,664 $ 5,331,054
Communications awareness and education $ 4,166,344 $ 3,377,231
Community investment program $ 3,112,207 $ 2,143,350
Consulting $ 1,659,386 $ 1,981,932
Amortization of property and equipment $ 1,419,364 $ 1,778,816
Office and general administration (note 8) $ 1,367,678 $ 1,427,299
Industry memberships $ 391,655 $ 391,664
Staff training and development $ 340,265 $ 239,456
Travel $ 102,585  $ 1,277
Amortization of intangible assets $ 71,064  $192,233
Total expenses $ 34,211,941 $ 32,449,243
Table 11: A table reporting CIRA's excess (deficiency) of revenue over expenses before the undernoted

Excess (deficiency) of revenue over expenses before the undernoted

2022 2021
Total excess (deficiency) of revenue over expenses before the undernoted $ 1,215,150 $ (1,478,304)
Table 12: A table reporting CIRA's other income
Other income 2022 2021

Investment (note 10)

$ 1,007,690 $ 3,396,331
Table 13: A table reporting CIRA's total excess of revenue over expenses

Excess of revenue over expenses

2022 2021
Total excess of revenue over expenses $ 2,222,840 $ 1,918,027



Table 14: A table reporting changes in net assets
  Unrestricted Internally restricted Invested in capital assets 2022 Total 2021 Total
Net assets, beginning of year $ – $ 9,311,288 $ 2,924,467 $ 12,235,755 $ 10,317,728
Excess of revenue over expenses $ 2,222,840 $ – $ – $ 2,222,840 $ 1,918,027
Net investment in capital assets $ (231,248) $ – $ 231,248 $ – $ –
Amortization of capital assets $ 1,490,428 $ – $ (1,490,428) $ – $ –
Interfund transfer $ (3,482,020) $ 3,482,020 $ – $ – $ –
Net assets, end of year $ – $ 12,793,308 $ 1,665,287 $ 14,458,595 $ 12,235,755


Table 15: A table reporting operating activities
Operating activities: 2022 2021
Cash receipts from registrars $ 35,945,309 $ 33,433,050
Interest received $ 17,763 $ 18,903
Cash paid to suppliers and employees $ (32,092,618)  $ (29,966,315) 
Total operating activities $ 3,870,454 $ 3,485,638
Table 16: A table reporting investing activities
Investing activities: 2022 2021
Purchase of property and equipment $ (197,260) $ (512,218)
Purchase of intangible assets $ (33,988) $ (19,643)
Net increase in restricted investments $ (2,151,528) $ (3,135,376)
Total investing activities $ (2,382,776) $ (3,667,237)
Table 17: A table reporting CIRA's net change in cash for the year
Increase (decrease) in cash 2022 2021
Total increase (decrease) in cash $ 1,487,678 $ (181,599)
Table 18: A table reporting CIRA's cash, beginning of year
Cash, beginning of year 2022 2021
Total cash, beginning of year $ 2,801,750 $ 2,983,349
Table 19: A table reporting CIRA's cash, end of year
Cash, end of year 2022 2021
Total cash, end of year $ 4,289,428 $ 2,801,750

Notes to the Financial Statements

1. Purpose of the Organization:  

The Canadian Internet Registration Authority ("CIRA") is a not-for-profit entity incorporated on December 30, 1998, under the Canada Corporations Act. On October 3, 2012, CIRA received its Certificate of Continuance from Industry Canada to continue under the Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act as required by the legislation. CIRA is responsible for operating the .CA Internet country code Top Level Domain (“ccTLD”) as a key public resource for all Canadians in an innovative, open and efficient manner. CIRA may carry out other Internet-related activities for the Canadian Internet community in a similar manner.

CIRA is registered as a not-for-profit entity under the Income Tax Act (Canada) and accordingly is exempt from income taxes.

2. Significant accounting policies:  

Basis of accounting

These financial statements have been prepared by management in accordance with Canadian accounting standards for not-for-profit organizations in Part III of the CPA Canada Handbook - Accounting. Outlined below are those policies considered particularly significant.

Revenue recognition

Registration fees are fixed fees charged for registration and renewal of .CA domain names and are nonrefundable five days after execution of the Registrant Agreement. Registration fee revenue is recognized when pervasive evidence of an arrangement exists, services have been rendered, the fee is fixed or determinable and collection is reasonably assured. Registration fees are deferred and recognized rateably over the registration term which ranges from 1 to 10 years.

Domain name system (“DNS”), registry and other service revenue are fixed fees. DNS, registry and other service revenue is recognized when pervasive evidence of an arrangement exists, services have been rendered, the fee is fixed or determinable and collection is reasonably assured.

Certification fees are recognized as revenue when the registrar is certified by CIRA.

Application fees are recognized as revenue when received.

Investment income is recognized as revenue when earned.

Financial instruments

Financial instruments are recorded at fair value on initial recognition. Restricted investments are subsequently measured at fair value. All other financial instruments are subsequently measured at cost or amortized cost.

Transaction costs incurred on the acquisition of financial instruments measured subsequently at fair value are expensed as incurred. All their financial instruments are adjusted by transaction costs incurred on acquisition and financing costs, which are amortized using the straight-line method.

Financial assets are assessed for impairment on an annual basis at the end of the fiscal year. If there is an indicator of impairment, CIRA determines if there is significant adverse change in the expected amount or timing of future cash flows from the financial asset. If there is a significant adverse change in the expected cash flows, the carrying value of the financial asset is reduced to the highest of the present value of the expected cash flows, the amount that could be realized from selling the financial asset or the amount CIRA expects to realize by exercising its right to any collateral. If events and circumstances reverse in a future period, an impairment loss will be reversed to the extent of the improvement, not exceeding the initial carrying value.

Property and equipment

Property and equipment are recorded at acquisition cost. Contributed equipment is recorded at the fair market value at the date of the contribution. Amortization is provided on the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives as follows:

Asset Useful life
Computer hardware 3 years
Office equipment 3 years
Furniture and fixtures 10 years
Leasehold improvements Shorter of useful life or term of the lease
Lease inducement

The lease inducement received is deferred and amortized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. Lease rentals under an operating lease shall be included in the determination of net income over the lease term on a straight-line basis with the difference between actual rent paid recorded as deferred rent within the lease inducement.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets consist of acquired software and internally generated .CA registry software and are accounted for at cost. Acquired software and internally generated software are amortized on a straightline basis over their estimated useful lives of 3 and 5 years respectively.

Customer Deposits

Certain third party registrars maintain a cash balance with CIRA to fund new and renewed .CA domain name registration fees. CIRA accounts for these deposits as current liabilities. When registration fees are charged, the funds are withdrawn from the deposit account and are recognized as revenue and deferred revenue in accordance with the revenue recognition policy previously noted.

Impairment of long-lived assets

Long-lived assets comprised of property and equipment and intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. In this event, recoverability of assets held and used is measured by reviewing the estimated fair market value of the asset. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated fair market value, an impairment charge is recognized by the amount by which the carrying amount of the
asset exceeds the fair value of the asset. As at March 31, 2022, there were no known circumstances that would indicate that the carrying value of long-lived assets may not be recoverable.

Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with Canadian accounting standards for not-forprofit organizations requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Management makes estimates when determining the collectibility of its accounts receivable, settlement of accrued liabilities, and the useful life of its property and equipment and intangible assets. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

3. Accounts receivable:

Accounts receivable: 2022 2021
Trade receivables $ 3,354,153 $ 2,683,660
Investment and interest receivable $ 4,415 $ 2,615
Other receivables $ 146,177 $ 16,165
Total accounts receivable $ 3,504,745 $ 2,702,440


4. Restricted investments:

Investments are restricted by the Board of Directors to fund ongoing and future operations in accordance with the Restricted Investments Policy, as approved by the Board, and consist of the following:

  2022 Cost 2022 Fair market value 2021 Cost 2021 Fair market value
PH&N Enhanced Total Return Bond Fund O $ 20,643,045 $ 19,176,057 $ 17,093,635 $ 16,847,663
PH&N Short Term Bond and Mortgage Fund O $ 795,946 $ 780,276 $ 760,448 $ 763,182
PH&N Canadian Equity Value Fund Series O $ 4,030,657 $ 5,600,991 $ 4,602,505 $ 5,425,208
RBC Global Equity Focus O $ 2,003,395 $ 2,865,717 $ 1,794,066 $ 2,789,443
RBC QUBE Low Volatility Global Equity Fund O $ 2,643,378 $ 2,894,753 $ 2,786,306 $ 2,934,922
PH&N Conventional Plus Mortgage Fund O $ 4,624,210 $ 4,507,837 $ 3,970,966 $ 3,925,559
Total $ 34,740,631 $ 35,825,631 $ 31,007,926 $ 32,685,977

Income from investments measured at fair value is within investment income (note 10) on the statement of operations as the net change in the closing unrealized gain balance from the prior year to the current year.

CIRA will invest its restricted investments and any funds in excess of normal daily operating requirements in vehicles that management believes will maximize yield while minimizing exposure to undue risk (note 14). The Board of Directors approves the investment objectives and guidelines of CIRA under the Statement of Investment Policy and Procedures (SIPP) and evaluates the results of the investment activities.

Following the limitations and restrictions defined within the SIPP, CIRA may invest in a mixed asset portfolio of pooled funds including Canadian Fixed Income and Mortgages, Canadian and Global Equities under a discretionary investment management mandate. Under a nondiscretionary mandate, CIRA may also invest in government-backed securities, Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation (CDIC) secured investments and what management believes are high quality corporate bonds. Fair value is determined primarily by quoted market prices. Cost is determined based on the amortized cost using the effective interest rate method.

5. Property and equipment:

  Cost 2022 Accumulated amortization Net book value 2021 Net book value
Computer hardware $ 16,962,127 $ 16,294,474 $ 667,653 $ 1,599,336
Furniture and fixtures $ 1,507,220 $ 1,144,069 $ 363,151 $ 468,049
Office equipment $ 243,222 $ 243,222 - $ 1,807
Leasehold improvements $ 1,773,626  1,191,860 $ 581, 766 $ 765,482
Total $ 20,486,195 $ 18,873,625 $ 1,612,570 $ 2,834,674

Cost and accumulated amortization at March 31, 2021, amounts to $20,288,935 and $17,454,261, respectively.

6. Intangible assets:

  Cost 2022 Accumulated amortization  Net book value 2021 Net book value
Computer software $ 4,163,979 $ 4,111,262 $ 52,717 $89,793

Cost and accumulated amortization at March 31, 2021, amounted to $4,129,991 and $4,040,198, respectively.

7. Accounts payable and accrued liabilities:

Included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities are government remittances payable of $203,375 (2021 - $278,432), which includes amounts payable for harmonized sales tax and payroll-related remittances.

8. Lease inducement:

Under its current office lease agreement CIRA was paid $661,500 as a lease inducement; this will be amortized over the term of the lease. Lease inducements recorded as a reduction of rent expense during the year totaled $99,225 (2021 - $77,175).

9. Net assets

CIRA defines capital as internally restricted net assets and is not subject to external restrictions on capital. CIRA’s objective with respect to internally restricted net assets is to safeguard CIRA’s financial position and ensure the capability of operations in the event of unexpected circumstances.

CIRA manages its net assets in a way to meet its objectives to maintain funds for operating purposes and to finance the acquisition of property and equipment and intangible assets as operationally required. The objectives are set by the Board of Directors during its annual corporate plan and budget review.

Internally restricted net assets

Internally restricted net assets are accumulated for the purposes as identified by the Board. The level of accumulated funds is reviewed annually by the Board against ongoing and future requirements. Any unrestricted net assets are to be allocated to the internally restricted net assets.

Invested in capital assets

The amount invested in capital assets represents that portion of net assets that is not available to CIRA for other purposes.

10. Investment income 

Investment income earned and recorded in the statement of operations is calculated as follows:

  2022 2021
Income earned on restricted investments $ 923,313 $ 1,229,670
Income earned on cash $ 19,563 $ 17,793
Change in fair value of restricted investments $ 64,814 $ 2,148,868
Total investment income $ 1,007,690 $ 3,396,331


11. Related party transactions:

The financial statements include Directors’ fees paid to CIRA's 12 Directors of $297,541 (2021 - $286,813). These services were provided in the normal course of business and have been recorded at the exchange amount, which is the amount of consideration established and agreed to by the related parties.

In the normal course of operations, CIRA interacts with Registrars whose principal shareholders, directors or executive members may also be Directors of CIRA. In 2022, CIRA provided services to such Registrars at the normal exchange amount for such registration fees of $21,805 (2021 - $849,286). Included in accounts receivable are balances from these Registrars for $924 (2021 - $2,062).

Included in accounts payable are amounts owed to executive members and Directors of CIRA for reimbursement of expenses that total $4,928 (2021 - $Nil).


12. Commitments:

Operating Leases:

CIRA is committed to minimum payments under an operating lease related to the rental of its premises, as discussed in note 8.

Minimum lease commitments for the successive four fiscal years and thereafter are as follows:

2023 $ 424,116
2024 $ 424,116
2025 $ 424,116
2026 $ 141,372

CIRA is also responsible for its share of operating costs, which are estimated by the landlord to be $352,085 per annum.

13. Contingencies

In the normal course of business, it is common for CIRA to be involved in claims regarding domain name registrations. Though the outcome of these claims is uncertain, management believes they will not materially affect the financial position of the organization.

Last fiscal year, CIRA received a formal notice of application with respect to governance matters and the disclosure of various information. CIRA has sought outside legal counsel to defend this action. No claim of damages has been received. As the financial impact cannot currently be estimated, no provision has been made for possible loss in these financial statements.

14. Financial Instruments and Related Risks

CIRA's main financial risk exposure and its financial risk management policies are as follows:

Credit risk

Credit risk is the risk that one party to a financial instrument will cause a financial loss for the other party by failing to discharge an obligation. CIRA's cash is deposited with a Canadian chartered bank and its investments are held by a large institutional investment brokerage affiliated with a Canadian chartered bank and as a result management believes the risk of loss on these items to be remote.
CIRA provides credit to its clients in the normal course of operations. CIRA does not believe there are any significant concentrations of credit risk on the accounts receivable due to their nature.

Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is the risk that CIRA will not be able to meet its financial obligations as they fall due. CIRA manages its liquidity risk through its budget process and by monitoring its cash flow requirements including holding items that can readily be converted to cash.

Market risk

Market risk is the risk that fair values or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market prices. Market risk is comprised of Currency risk, Interest rate risk and Other price risk.

Currency risk

CIRA primarily operates in Canadian dollars and as such is not significantly exposed to currency risk.

Interest rate risk

CIRA is subject to interest rate risk on its cash and cash equivalents and investments. Cash and cash equivalents and investments earn interest at prevailing market rates. Investments in fixed government-backed bonds are exposed to changes in fair values due to fluctuations in market interest rates.

Other price risk

Other price risk refers to the risk that the fair value of financial instruments or future cash flows associated with the instruments will fluctuate because of changes in market prices (other than those arising from currency risk or interest rate risk), whether those changes are caused by factors specific to the individual instrument or its issuer or factors affecting all similar instruments traded in the market.

CIRA is exposed to other price risk on its equity fund investments and manages this risk through maintaining its investment portfolio in accordance with its investment policy outlined in note 4.

Changes in risk

There have been no significant changes in CIRA's risk exposures from the prior year.

15. Guarantees

In the normal course of business, CIRA entered into an insurance agreement that meets the definition of a guarantee.

An indemnity has been provided to all directors and/or officers of CIRA for various items including, but not limited, all costs to settle suits or actions due to their involvement with CIRA, subject to certain restrictions. CIRA has purchased directors' and officers' liability insurance to mitigate the cost of any potential future suits or actions. The term of the indemnification is not explicitly defined, but is limited to the period over which the indemnified party served as a trustee, director or officer of CIRA. The maximum amount of any potential future payment cannot be reasonably estimated.

16. Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic:

In March 2020, the COVID-19 outbreak was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization and has had significant financial, market and social dislocating impact.

At the time of approval of these financial statements, CIRA has experienced the following indicators of financial implications and undertaken the following activities in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic:

  • Experienced temporary declines in the fair value of investments and investment income; and
  • Closure of their offices from March 12, 2020 to the date of the auditors' report based on public health recommendations, with introduction of a hybrid work model in accordance with public health guidelines.

As the transition into a "post-pandemic" period occurs, there continues to be some uncertainty as to the full impact of this event for CIRA as well as more broadly within Canada and around the globe. An estimate of the potential financial effect on CIRA is not practicable at this time, however CIRA will continue to monitor these events, including their impact on both of CIRA's operations and financial position and respond accordingly.

17. Comparative Figures

Comparative 2021 figures have been audited by another auditor with reclassification where necessary to conform to the 2022 presentation.